Modern implantology gives you many advantages in replacing your missing teeth. There is no need, anymore, in order to replace one tooth, the surrounding natural teeth to be prepared and healthy tooth structure to be removed. Your dentures don’t need to fall out every time you open your mouth or speak. Dental implants are now becoming more and more popular treatment to replace missing teeth than a denture or fixed bridge, as they provide a longer-term solution, slow down bone loss and preserve nearby healthy tooth tissue. They are natural-looking replacements for missing teeth that also provide the same function as your natural tooth root. Now you can eat the foods you want and speak with complete confidence, with artificial teeth that feels just like your own.
For years, the well trained and experienced team in PZU “Maksident Vrskovski” is practicing the procedure of placing dental implants, using a high quality dental implants with the IMPLA system from the German brand Scütz Dental Group.
What are, actually, dental implants?
Every tooth consists of crown and root/roots. A dental implant is an artificial substitute/replacement for the root portion of your natural tooth and is anchored into a pre-drilled socket in your jaw-bone to support a crown, bridge or secure a denture firmly in place. Implants are made from titanium, a material that is well tolerated by bone and integrates easily with bone tissue. During the placement of a dental implant, the goal is to achieve a close contact between the outer surface of the implant and the surrounding bone tissue so they can “fuse” together (osseointegration), creating a stable support for the new teeth. The whole procedure is performed in operating room, with a local anaesthesia and it takes almost the same time as an extraction of a tooth, and its 100% painless. Dental implants have a lot of advantages over dentures and bridges, like reduced bone loss, improved function, improved dental hygiene, no need to drill or remove any healthy tooth structure, better aesthetics, etc. The most important thing about dental implants is maintaining good oral hygiene of the natural teeth and also of the implants themselves, as well as regularly dental check-ups twice of year. That will lead to their lifetime use. If the oral hygiene is absent, a dental plaque is formed around the implants that will turn into a calculus, and eventually will lead to periodontal problems, bone loss and losing of the implants. Also, smoking decreases the life of the dental implant by 10%.
What is the procedure of placing dental implants?
Depending on the possibilities, indications, and the investigation of the mouth and the health of your teeth and gums, x-rays, etc., it is decided whether to place implants or not. If yes, a multiple-step procedure is performed. First, under local anaesthesia, a bone exposure is done and the implant is placed. After placement of the implant, a cover screw is put in and the wound is closed with stitches and allowed to heal. In general, placements in the lower jaw need to heal about 2-3 months, while placements in the upper jaw need to heal about 4-6 months. After healing, in a second surgical procedure, the implant is uncovered, the cover screw is removed and a abutment is placed in the implant. Then, impressions are taken in order to make the prosthetic teeth.